Thyroid abnormalities are common and are best evaluated with laboratory testing and ultrasound evaluation when there is suspected disease. Prevalence of thyroid disease is more common in females for unknown reasons. Palpable thyroid nodules occur in 10% of the general population in the United States. Roughly 95% of these nodules are benign but typically require tissue sample with ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) to rule out thyroid cancer. Risk factors for thyroid cancer include radiation exposure and a positive family history but the majority of thyroid cancer is sporadic. Thyroid cancer is one of the few cancers that is increasing in incidence but also has a very high cure rate (>95%). Treatment for thyroid cancer typically involves removing the thyroid gland and occasionally post-operative radioactive iodine therapy.
Disorders of the thyroid can result in underactive (hypothyroidism) or overactive (hyperthyroidism) glands that may need to be regulated with medication. Serial laboratory testing and medical therapy are often needed to correct the hormone imbalance. The thyroid gland controls our metabolism, e.g. weight, temperature, hair and skin health. Some individuals develop enlargement of the gland (goiter) in the face of multiple nodules. This condition can be monitored with ultrasound and labs and if compressive symptoms develop possible thyroidectomy. The Ear, Nose and Throat surgeons at Pinehurst Surgical have vast experience with the medical and surgical management of thyroid disorders.
Pinehurst Surgical Clinic is a multi-specialty clinic comprised of ten specialty centers located in a state-of-the-art surgical facility in Pinehurst, NC. Our Ear, Nose, Throat, Head & Neck physicians provide allergy care and treatments at our Pinehurst, Raeford, Rockingham, Sanford and Troy clinical offices, serving patients in Southern Pines, Fayetteville, Red Springs, Asheboro and all surrounding areas throughout North Carolina, South Carolina, and beyond.